Saturday, May 20, 2006

Friends Who Suffer

When I heard the "cancer" updates yesterday from several members of our congregation and then read Ed Bowman's update on his chemo and radiation treatments this morning, I happened to have been reading through the following sermon. This sermon was preached by Jonathan Edwards in 1739. The passage is Luke 22:44; the context is Gethsemane; the title "Christ's Agony." It moves me to tears every time a read it. (This is just an excerpt.)

"Christ's Agony"
Luke 22:44

"And being in agony, He was praying very fervently; and His sweat became like drops of blood, falling down upon the ground."

From what has been said, we may see the wonderful strength of the love of Christ to sinners. What has been said shows the strength of Christ’s love two ways.

First, the love of any mere man or angel would doubtless have sunk under such a weight, and never would have endured such a conflict in such a bloody sweat as that of Jesus Christ. The anguish of Christ’s soul at that time was so strong as to cause that wonderful effect on his body. But his love to his enemies, poor and unworthy as they were, was stronger still. The heart of Christ at that time was full of distress, but it was fuller of love. His sorrows abounded, but his love did much more abound. Christ’s soul was overwhelmed with a deluge of grief, but this was from a deluge of love to sinners in his heart sufficient to overflow the world, and overwhelm the highest mountains of its sins. Those great drops of blood that fell down to the ground were a manifestation of an ocean of love in Christ’s heart.

Second, the strength of Christ’s love more especially appears in this, that when he had such a full view of the dreadfulness of the cup that he was to drink, that so amazed him, he would notwithstanding even then take it up, and drink it. Then seems to have been the greatest and most peculiar trial of the strength of the love of Christ, when God set down the bitter portion before him, and let him see what he had to drink, if he persisted in his love to sinners; and brought him to the mouth of the furnace that he might see its fierceness, and have a full view of it, and have time then to consider whether he would go in and suffer the flames of this furnace for such unworthy creatures, or not. This was as it were proposing it to Christ’s last consideration what he would do; as much as if it had then been said to him, "Here is the cup that you are to drink, unless you will give up your undertaking for sinners, and even leave them to perish as they deserve. Will you take this cup, and drink it for them, or not? There is the furnace into which you are to be cast, if they are to be saved. Either they must perish, or you must endure this for them. There you see how terrible the heat of the furnace is. You see what pain and anguish you must endure on the morrow, unless you give up the cause of sinners. What will you do? Is your love such that you will go on? Will you cast yourself into this dreadful furnace of wrath?"

Christ’s soul was overwhelmed with the thought. His feeble human nature shrunk at the dismal sight. It put him into this dreadful agony which you have heard described. But his love to sinners held out. Christ would not undergo these sufferings needlessly, if sinners could be saved without. If there was not an absolute necessity of his suffering them in order to their salvation, he desired that the cup might pass from him. But if sinners, on whom he had set his love, could not, agreeably to the will of God, be saved without his drinking it, he chose that the will of God should be done. He chose to go on and endure the suffering, awful as it appeared to him. And this was his final conclusion, after the dismal conflict of his poor feeble human nature, after he had had the cup in view, and for at least the space of one hour, had seen how amazing it was. Still he finally resolved that he would bear it, rather than those poor sinners whom he had loved from all eternity should perish.

When the dreadful cup was before him, he did not say within himself, "why should I, who am so great and glorious a person, infinitely more honorable than all the angels of heaven, Why should I go to plunge myself into such dreadful, amazing torments for worthless wretched worms that cannot be profitable to God, or me, and that deserve to be hated by me, and not to be loved? Why should I, who have been living from all eternity in the enjoyment of the Father’s love, go to cast myself into such a furnace for them that never can requite me for it? Why should I yield myself to be thus crushed by the weight of diving wrath, for them who have no love to me, and are my enemies? They do not deserve any union with me, and never did, and never will do, anything to recommend themselves to me. What shall I be the richer for having saved a number of miserable haters of God and me, who deserve to have divine justice glorified in their destruction?" Such, however, was not the language of Christ’s heart in these circumstances. But on the contrary, his love held out.

The special trial of his love above all others in his whole life seems to have been in the time of his agony. For though his sufferings were greater afterwards, when he was on the cross, yet he saw clearly what those sufferings were to be, in the time of his agony. And that seems to have been the first time that ever Christ Jesus had a clear view what these sufferings were. And after this the trial was not so great, because the conflict was over. His human nature had been in a struggle with his love to sinners, but his love had got the victory.

Amen! Friends who are suffering, we love you and you are in our prayers.


Josh Manley said...

I enjoy reading the blog from Washington, D.C. Could you let me know if there is a specific book you are reading through that has Jonathon Edwards' sermons? This was a great encouragement.

Bradford Mercer said...


The sermon I quoted from is from Luke 22:44: "That which I shall make the subject of my present discourse,is Christ's agony," preached Oct. 1739, repreached winter and spring of 1757. It is published as "Christ's Agony" in the Sereno Dwight edition of Edwards' works, 8, 159-94. In other words, the sermon is hard to find. I would first recommend that you check out the Edwards' site at Yale: Click on "Scholarly Resourses," then click on the sermon index. You will find a comprehensive list of Edwards' sermons and who publishes them. Second, pick up a copy of The Sermons of Jonathan Edwards: A Reader. This is an excellent introduction to Edwards' sermons. My favorite Edwards sermon, "The Excellency of Christ," begins on page 161! He asks, "What is there that you should desire be in a savior that is not in Jesus Christ?"


Anonymous said...

I also Thank You Brad for this post.